Curriculum Handbook – Table of Contents

Curriculum Handbook 1
Table of Contents
Program Introduction
Essential Qualities
Graduation Requirements……………………………………………………………5
Course Load………………………………….….……………………………………6
Art Department………………………………………..………………………….7-10
English Department……………………………………………………………..11-14
Family and Consumer Sciences……………………………………………………15
Foreign Language Department…………………………………………………16-17
Mathematic Department…………………………………………………………18-21
Music Department…………………………………………………………………..22
Physical Education and Health Sciences……………………………………….23-24
Science Department………………………………………..………………………….25-32
Social Studies Department……………………………………………………………..33-37
Technology Department………………………………………………………………..38-42
College Credit Opportunities………………………………………………………..43
Career and Technical Education……………………………………………………44

The courses listed in the curriculum handbook could be offered in the 2019-2020 academic year. All courses listed are not always offered each year, some are offered on a rotating basis every other year. 

Final course offerings are based on student interest, staffing availability, overall schedule placement and the final budget. Courses may be cancelled due to low enrollment staf ing/scheduling issues and budget constraints.

Updated 18/19

Graduation Requirements
Diploma Course Credits Regents Exams
Regents with Advanced
Designation*
4 units in English
4 units in Social Studies
3 units in Math
3 units in Science
3 units in Foreign Language*
2 units in Physical Education
1 unit in Art and/or Music
½ unit in Health
Elective units to total 22
English Common Core
Global History & Geography
US History & Government
Algebra
Geometry
Algebra 2/Trigonometry
2 from – Earth Science/Living
Environment/Chemistry or
Physics
Regents Diploma 4 units in English
4 units in Social Studies
3 units in Math
3 units in Science
1 unit in Foreign Language
2 units in Physical Education
1 unit in Art and/or Music
½ unit in Health
Elective units to total 22
English Common Core
Global History & Geography
US History & Government
1 Regents exam
1 Regents exam
*Students may choose a 5 unit sequence in the Arts, Career & Technical Education or Technology as a substitute to the Foreign
Language component.
**New York State has also added dif erent Pathways to complete requirements. Please contact your student’s school counselor for
more specific details.
Curriculum Handbook 5
Course Load
Course selection throughout high school can significantly impact options available for
post-secondary education. Students should always take the highest level of academic course
work they can successfully handle, along with electives that offer a view into different careers.
All students are encouraged to prepare for continuing their education beyond high school. This
can be at a four or two year college, technical college, apprenticeship or job training program.
Students must successfully complete the following number of credits to be promoted to the next
grade. The promotional policy for the secondary school (grades 9 – 12) is based upon
accumulation of credits instead of the number of years students are enrolled in the secondary
school.
Sophomore minimum of: 6 credits
Junior minimum of: 12 credits
Senior minimum of: 18 credits
Students in grades 9 – 11 should enroll in a minimum of 6.5 credits per each school year.
Seniors should enroll in a minimum of 6 credits.
*It is the practice of the Berne-Knox-Westerlo CSD not to allow students to drop a full year
course after the first five weeks of school. A drop/fail will be printed on the academic
transcript if the course is dropped after the first five weeks.
Curriculum Handbook 6
ART DEPARTMENT SEQUENCE OF STUDY
9
th
Grade Courses 1 credit / All year
Studio in Art
½ credit / ½ year
Foundations in Art
10th
Grade Courses 1 credit / All year
Drawing and Painting *
Studio in Art
½ credit / ½ year
Foundations in Art
Studio in Graphic Design
Studio in Pottery
Studio in Sculpture
11th
/ 12th
Grade Courses 1 credit / All year
AP Art History *
Drawing and Painting *
Studio in Art
½ credit / ½ year
Advanced Drawing & Painting*
Foundations in Art
Photography I
Photography II
Independent Art (teacher approval)
Studio in Graphic Design
Studio in Pottery
Studio in Sculpture
Technology and the Arts*
*Note prerequisites listed under course descriptions.
Students must complete one unit of Art and/or Music in order to graduate. A student may elect a five-unit
art sequence in the arts to substitute for the three-unit foreign language sequence for the Regents Diploma
with Advanced Designation.
Curriculum Handbook 7
Advanced Drawing & Painting I and II
Grades: 11 – 12 Exam: Portfolio review and artist statement
Prerequisite: Drawing and Painting
Advanced Drawing and Painting I focuses on individual growth of rendering skills using various mediums. The subject
matter is changed from figural to still life to abstractions. The Advanced Drawing and Painting II focuses on classical
drawing and painting techniques while working primarily with the figure and still life objects. Sketchbook assignments
will explore observation, perception, techniques, creativity and self-expression. Students will add artworks, critiques, and
writings to their portfolios. Both courses have a presentation component in a social and online setting.
Advanced Placement (AP) Art History
Grades: 11-12 Exam: midterm/final exam/ AP exam in
May
Prerequisite: Studio in Art or AP World History
College Credit: Course has a fee for the AP exam and a fee from the college for taking the class. Students may earn
college credit based on the AP exam grade and individual college policies for earning college credits.
Life, Art, Culture! This course is reading and writing intensive using a standard college text and many supplemental
readings. Field trips, PowerPoints, lectures, projects and discussions create the forum for the self-motivated student to
learn about the world through art and history. There is a comprehensive paper due in May before the exam and a final
project due in June. Field trips that are not mandatory are continually offered for students. This class awards 6 general
college credits either through the college board or through University in the Classroom through SCCC whose
credits may be transferred to another college.
Drawing & Painting
Grades: 10 – 12 Exam: final exam and portfolio review
Prerequisite: Studio in Art
This course is intended for the serious art student who loves to draw and paint and may be considering pursuing art as a
career or hobby after graduation. This course will challenge a student’s ability and encourage a personal approach. A
variety of media will be used to explore still life, portraiture, landscape and interior drawings with an emphasis on
observation. Art history, art criticism and some theory will assist the students in forming their own value judgments about
art. Students will be required to present their work in a formal manner. The class is invited to attend an annual field trip to
either the Met Museum in NYC or the Boston Museum of Fine Arts.
Foundations in Art
Grades: 9 – 12 Exam: project based exam
This course can be combined with Graphic Design, Photography (11-12), Studio in Pottery (10-12), and Studio in
Sculpture (10-12) for a full credit to meet the graduation requirements for the arts. It may also be combined with courses
in music (band or chorus) or technology (design & drawing). This course will explore a range of mediums and styles.
Curriculum Handbook 8
Independent Art
Grades: 11 – 12 Exam: Art show / portfolio review and artist’s statement
Prerequisite: teacher recommendation
This course is for the student who has taken all of the art electives and wants to pursue art after high school. A contract is
developed and strictly adhered to for the course. Students are required to complete seat time for the whole of the class,
produce a digital portfolio of their work and participate in critiques. A final artist’s statement and showcasing of the work
is in place of a final exam.
Photography I
Grades: 11 – 12 Exam: final exam/portfolio review/lab finals
This course teaches the fundamentals of black and white film photography and some digital photography. Students will
study through readings, lecture and discussion about the aesthetics of photography. The history of photography will be
explored along with the science and art of making photos with the camera and in the darkroom. Students will be exposed
to burning, dodging, using filters, hand-coloring prints and preparation for shows. Photo subject matter will consist of
Decisive Moment, Photojournalism, Portraiture and Abstraction.Research is expected in some projects. Suggested class
enrollment is 10 students per section.
Photography II
Grades: 11 – 12 Exam: final exam and portfolio review
Prerequisite: 85 or above in Photo I and teacher recommendation
This course builds on the concepts learned in Photography I through studies in technology, color, careers in photography,
publishing and the design of t-shirts.
Studio in Art
Grades: 9 – 12 Exam: unit exams/portfolio review
Prerequisite: 80 or above in Art 8 / teacher recommendation
This course is intended to meet the high school arts requirement and is for the serious art student who enjoys art and
would like to learn more about artists, art history and talking/writing about art. The projects are linked to artists, art
history, aesthetics and techniques. Self and group critiques as well as unit tests are a vital part of this course. Students will
explore different mediums through the use of pencil, watercolor, tempera and acrylic paints, printmaking and clay. Color
theory is explored in depth. Attention to detail, an excellent work ethic and ability to meet deadlines are necessary to
succeed in this course.
Curriculum Handbook 9
Studio in Graphic Design
Grades: 10 – 12 Exam: final exam and portfolio review
This course will explore the essentials of graphic design which include research, typography, layout, logos, and logotypes.
Students will develop a knowledge and understanding of the skills used in advertising design through creative problem
solving for visual communication. Students will gain experience with industry standard computer programs using both the
PC and Apple platforms. Self and group critiques as well as unit tests are a vital part of this course. This course will
expose students to the many careers available in the field of advertising design and marketing.
Studio in Pottery
Grades: 10 – 12 Exam: final exam and portfolio review
This course will explore the medium of clay and surface design with various types of glaze, sgraffito and textural
techniques creating hand built pieces. Self and group critiques as well as unit tests are a vital part of this course.
Functional works based on studies of artists and cultures will be added to portfolios. Of ered every other year.
Studio in Sculpture
Grades: 10 – 12 Exam: final exam and portfolio review
This course provides opportunities for self-expression in three-dimensional design in a variety of media and techniques.
Students will work with clay, plaster, wood, mixed media, and glass. Self and group critiques as well as unit tests are a
vital part of this course. This course offers both aesthetic and technical experiences as well as critiques and class
discussions through reading, writing, drawing, and speaking. History of sculptors and the medium will be incorporated
into every project.
Of ered every other year.
Technology and the Arts
Grades: 11 – 12 Exam: project based exam and portfolio review
Prerequisites: Web Design and Studio in Graphic Design
Are you interested in seeing the magic that can happen when you combine skills from technology and art? Come explore
ideas in web design with some art skills added such as 3-D printing using sculptural ideas and laser printing on different
mediums. This course will open some new and exciting doors.
Curriculum Handbook 10
ENGLISH SEQUENCE OF STUDY
9
th
Grade Courses 1 credit / All year
English 9
10th
Grade Courses 1 credit / All year
English 10
English 10 Honors *
½ credit / ½ year
Technical Writing
11th
Grade Courses 1 credit / All year
English 11
English 11 Honors *
½ credit / ½ year
Communication for Career / College Readiness
Drama
Technical Writing
12th
Grade Courses 1 credit / All year
AP English Literature *
½ credit / ½ year
Communication for Career / College Readiness
Drama
English 12 I
English 12 II
Technical Writing
*Note Teacher recommendation in consultation with English Department Chair
Students must complete four credits of English and pass the English Regents exam in 11th grade in order to
earn their diploma. Students will take an English class each year of high school.
Curriculum Handbook 11
Advanced Placement (AP) Literature & Composition
Grade: 12 Exam: midterm/final exam/ AP exam in May
Prerequisite: English 9, 10, 11 Honors (85 average) and teacher recommendation strongly encouraged to ensure student
success.
College Credit: Course has a fee for the AP exam. Students may earn college credit based on the AP exam grade and
individual college policies for earning college credits. Students may earn college credit through SUNY Cobleskill for an
additional fee and a course average of a C.
AP Literature & Composition is designed to provide students with the analytical skills and factual knowledge
necessary to deal with the problems and materials in both literary discourse and the composing process. Emphasis is placed
on students learning multiple approaches to literary criticism and honing critical writing through peer writing groups. This
is an intensive reading and writing course that includes a required summer assignment.
Communication for Career and College Readiness
Grades: 11-12 Exam: final exam
Prerequisite: English 9,10 (current enrollment in English 11)
Students will study media including television, radio, literature, journalism, advertising and public speaking while
building on reading and writing skills through project based learning in the classroom and community. The course
objectives are to increase poise and self-confidence with varying audiences while developing school to work skills.
Drama
Grades: 11-12 Exam: final exam
Prerequisite: English 9,10 (current enrollment in English 11)
This course includes three objectives of understanding, performing and appreciating drama. Components of this course
include performance in class scenes and plays, read and discuss techniques of acting, and explore the art of improvisation.
English 9 (required)
Grade: 9 Exam: midterm, final exam
This course will focus on the development of English Language Arts Standards in reading, writing, speaking, and listening
skills through a process approach. Students are involved in individual, group, and project work throughout the year.
English 10 (required or English 10) Honors
Grade: 10 Exam: midterm, final exam
This course will focus on the development of proficiency in English Language Arts Standards through the writing process,
listening and reading activities, analysis of world literature, and vocabulary development.
Curriculum Handbook 12
English 10 Honors
Grade: 10 Exam: midterm, final exam
Prerequisite: Final average of 85 in English 9 and teacher recommendation strongly encouraged to ensure student success
This course will survey a variety of literature such as representative poems, short stories, plays, and novels. Students are
given a variety of writing assignments including literary analysis and a research paper in preparation for the English
Regents. Formal instruction is provided in vocabulary and grammar. There is an emphasis on cross-curricular instruction
with unit material from Global History I and AP World History. The class will explore time periods such as World War II
with a concentration in the Holocaust and Hiroshima. This course will aid students in the development of thematic essays
and document based questions (DBQ).
English 11 (required or English 11 Honors)
Grade: 11 Exam: midterm, final exam, ELA Regents exam (June)
Students will study selected works in literature which parallel their American History class. This will help them develop
reading, writing, speaking, and listening skills needed for mastery on the state Regents exam in June, college and career
readiness. There is a final exam for this course that mirrors the skills needed to gain mastery on the Common Core
Regents exam.
English 11 Honors
Grade: 11 Exam: midterm, research paper, ELA Regents exam (June)
Prerequisite: Final average of 85 in English 10 and teacher recommendation strongly encouraged to ensure student
success
Students will study selected works in literature which parallel the APUSH curricula. The texts read are more rigorous
than English 11 texts. Students are given a variety of writing assignments including literary analysis and a research paper
as well as writing in preparation for the English Regents. There is an emphasis on cross-curricular instruction with unit
material from AP US History and Government. The class will explore time periods such as Early America, The Civil War
and World War II with a concentration on African American soldiers during the war. This course will prepare students for
college level research and writing.
English 12 I
Grade: 12 Exam: final exam
Prerequisite: English 9, 10 & 11
The course studies a variety of literary genres and includes units on problem solving strategies, technical writing, and
communication in the workplace.
College credit: Students may earn college credit through SUNY Cobleskill for English 12 I and English 12 II for an
additional fee and a course average of a C.
Curriculum Handbook 13
English 12 II
Grade: 12 Exam: final exam
Prerequisite: English 9, 10 & 11
The course studies a variety of literary genres and includes units on problem solving strategies, technical writing, and
communication in the workplace. Class discussions allow students to develop their own values and opinions. If students
decide to take parts I & II of this course the skills learned will help students develop and practice communication skills in
preparation for entering college or the job market.
College credit: Students may earn college credit through SUNY Cobleskill for English 12 I and English 12 II for an
additional fee and a course average of a C.
Technical Writing
Grade: 10-12 Exam: final exam
Prerequisite: English 9, and current enrollment in English 10
The course is designed to coincide with CTE classes, science classes and life skill classes. Students will be exposed to
practical writing (i.e. repair manuals, lab findings, and reports) and communication skills (i.e. interviews, presentations,
and professional emails) that are needed for careers in all areas as well as college-bound students.
Curriculum Handbook 14
FAMILY AND CONSUMER SCIENCE
Food & Nutrition
Grade: 9 – 12 Exam: final exam
The course studies food and kitchen safety, food borne illnesses and nutrients and my plate through classroom instruction and
mini projects. Students will also investigate food allergies such as peanut, gluten, dairy and eggs using current events and
mini projects. Students will plan recipes and grocery lists, prep and serve food.
Curriculum Handbook 15
FOREIGN LANGUAGE SEQUENCE OF STUDY
8
th
Grade Course 1 credit / All year
Spanish I
Spanish Language and Culture
9
th
Grade Courses 1 credit / All year
Spanish I
Spanish II
Spanish Language and Culture
10th
Grade Courses 1 credit / All year
Spanish II
Spanish III
Spanish Language and Culture
11th
Grade Courses 1 credit / All year
Spanish III
Spanish IV **
Spanish Language and Culture
12th
Grade Courses 1 credit / All year
Spanish IV **
** University in the High School credit
Students must complete one credit of a foreign language in order to earn their high school diploma, which is
typically completed by the end of eighth grade. Students must complete two additional credits of a foreign
language in order to earn their Regents Diploma with Advanced Designation.
Curriculum Handbook 16
Spanish I
Grades: 9-12 Exam: midterm, final exam
This course will study basic, common words and expressions and is a graduation requirement. This course is designed for
students who need to complete a foreign language requirement or who are interested in beginning a course of study in
Spanish.
Spanish II
Grades: 10-12 Exam: midterm, final exam
Prerequisite: Spanish I
This course is a higher-level Spanish course offered to students who are interested in obtaining their Advanced Regents
Diploma. This course emphasizes more complex, diverse vocabulary and grammar in preparation for more advanced
study.
Spanish III
Grades: 10-12 Exam: midterm, final exam
Prerequisite: Spanish I & II
This course will study reading, writing, speaking, and listening skills in Spanish and further develop and refine verbal
skills in the Spanish language.
Spanish IV
Grades: 11-12 Exam: midterm, final exam
Prerequisite: Spanish I,II & III (85 average) and teacher recommendation strongly encouraged to help ensure student success.
College Credit: Students may earn college credit based on the grade achieved in the course and individual college
policies for earning college credits.
Spanish IV is an advanced level course for students who want to pursue their interest in Spanish language and
cultures. This class offers college bound students an option to continue language instruction while earning college credit.
During the year we will review and expand upon grammar structures and concentrate on improving vocabulary,
conversational fluency and reading skills through class discussion (conducted primarily in Spanish), listening, reading and
writing activities, as well as Spanish-language videos and films, literature, and independent projects and presentations on
selected topics of interest.
Spanish Language and Culture
Grades: 8-12 Exam: midterm, final exam
Prerequisite: Students not successful in Spanish 7 and/or 8 and/or have not passed the required local proficiency.
This course is designed to provide initial exposures to foreign language credit needed for graduation. Classwork will
focus on understanding linguistic and cultural similarities as a means to help students acquire a basic proficiency level in
conversation as well as reading, writing and listening comprehension in Spanish. Topics will include culturally specific/relevant
vocabulary by theme, such as food, shopping, geography and nature. This class fulfills the minimum language requirement for
graduation but does not prepare students to continue with upper level Spanish courses (II, III, etc.)
Curriculum Handbook 17
MATHEMATICS SEQUENCE OF STUDY
8
th
Grade Course 1 credit / All year
Algebra CC
9
th
Grade Courses 1 credit / All year
Algebra IA CC (two year Algebra class)
Algebra CC
Geometry (completed Algebra)
10th
Grade Courses 1 credit / All year
Algebra II /Trig CC (completed Geometry)
Algebra II /Trig (non Regents)
Algebra IB CC
Geometry CC
Introduction to Geometry
11th
Grade Courses 1 credit / All year
Applied Math / Construction
Algebra II / Trig CC
Algebra II / Trig (non Regents)
Geometry CC
Financial Math
Financial Skills
Pre Calculus*
Statistics
12th
Grade Courses 1 credit / All year
Applied Math / Construction
Algebra II / Trig CC
Algebra II / Trig (non Regents)
AP Calculus **
Geometry CC
Financial Math
Financial Skills
Pre Calculus*
Statistics
** University in the high school credit
Students must complete three credits of math courses in order to earn their high school diploma. Students
must complete Algebra II / Trigonometry as one of the three credits in order to earn their Regents Diploma
with Advanced Designation.
Curriculum Handbook 18
Advanced Placement (AP) Calculus
Grade: 12 Exam: midterm, final exam, AP exam (May)
Prerequisite: Final average of 80 in Pre-Calculus and teacher recommendation strongly encouraged to help ensure student
success.
College Credit: Course has a fee for the AP exam. Students may earn college credit based on the AP exam grade and
individual college policies for earning college credits. Course has a fee for the college credit through the University at
Albany, which may transfer to other colleges based on individual college policies for transfer of credit.
This high-level math course will serve as the fifth course in a five- year sequence in mathematics. The course develops the
basic concepts of function; plan analytic geometry, limits, continuity, differentiation, and integration of algebraic
functions with applications.
Algebra IA Common Core
Grade: 9 Exam: midterm, final exam
This course is the first course of a two-year sequence in Algebra. Students will strengthen their foundational Algebra
skills and focus on linear and quadratic functions. This course does not culminate in an Algebra Regents Exam.
Algebra IB Common Core
Grades: 10 Exam: midterm, final exam, Algebra Regents (June)
This course directly follows Algebra IA and is a continuation of the study of Algebra Common Core and includes further
exploration of functions. This course will review material covered in Algebra IA and will include Regents exam
preparation.
Algebra Common Core
Grades: 9 Exam: midterm, final exam, Algebra Regents (June)
This is a one-year course that will culminate in a Regents exam in June. This course focuses on solving and graphing
linear, quadratic, and exponential functions as statistics.
Algebra II / Trig Common Core
Grades: 10-12 Exam: midterm, final exam, Algebra II / Trig Common Core Regents
Prerequisite: Final average of 75 in Geometry and teacher recommendation strongly encouraged to help ensure student
success.
This course will focus on polynomials, absolute value, radical, trigonometric, exponential, and logarithmic functions.
Students will solve equations algebraically and graphically. Right triangle trigonometry will be
expanded to include the investigation of circular functions. Problem situations requiring the use of trigonometric
equations and identities will also be investigated as well as the areas of statistics, probability, and sequences.
Curriculum Handbook 19
Algebra II / Trig Non-Regents
Grades: 11-12 Exam: midterm and final exam
Prerequisite: Final average of 65 in Geometry
This course will focus on linear, polynomial, radical, trigonometric, exponential, and logarithmic functions. Students will
solve equations algebraically and graphically. Right triangle trigonometry will be expanded to include the investigation of
circular functions. Problem situations requiring the use of trigonometric equations and identities will also be investigated
as well as the areas of statistics and probability.
Applied Mathematics and Construction
Grades: 11 – 12 Exam: midterm, and final exam
Prerequisite: Algebra Common Core or Algebra IB, Design and Drawing and completion of Construction Systems
This one year, non–Regents course is designed for the student planning to attend a two year or technical
school or directly entering the workforce. Projects will combine planning and constructing with the related math skills
involved in the task. The units covered will include locating a building on site, foundations, structural systems,
floor and wall framing, sheathing, roof framing, trim and finish work.
Financial Math
Grades: 11-12 Exam: midterm, final exam
Prerequisite: None
This course uses skills and fundamentals previously learned in core classes to examine financial concepts. This includes
best practices pertaining to saving for retirement, responsible use of credit, and long-term financial stability as well as
other topics that are key to financial responsibility.
Financial Skills
Grades: 11-12 Exam: midterm, final exam
Prerequisite: None
This course uses basic algebraic concepts to approach real world, every day financial applications. Students will explore
money management and budgeting strategies as well as proper long term planning strategies.
Geometry Common Core
Grades: 10- 12 Exam: midterm, final exam, Geometry Common Core Regents
Prerequisite: Algebra Common Core or Algebra IB
This course is designed for the student planning to attend a four year college and is likely to take Algebra II in the future.
The main focus will include properties of geometric figures, transformation, congruence, and similarity, coordinate
geometry and proof.
Curriculum Handbook 20
Introduction to Geometry Common Core
Grades: 10 – 11 Exam: midterm, final exam
Prerequisite: Algebra Common Core or Algebra IB
This non-Regents course is designed for the student who is planning to attend a two-year college, technical school or
directly enter the workforce. A student who had difficulty with Algebra can take this course and continue on to
Geometry. Topics include properties of geometric figures, transformations, graphing, and combining Algebra and
Geometry.
Pre-Calculus
Grades: 11-12 Exam: midterm, final exam
Prerequisite: Final average of 80 in Algebra 2/Trig and teacher recommendation strongly encouraged to help
ensure student success.
College credit: Students may earn college credit through SUNY Cobleskill for an additional fee and a course average of
a C.
This course is designed for college bound students who intend to continue their study of mathematics and/or natural and
physical science. Its purpose is to review and expand such topics as analytic geometry, vectors, probability, matrix
algebra, and limits with an overall goal of preparing students for calculus.
Statistics
Grades: 11-12 Exam: midterm, final exam
Prerequisite: Final average of 80 in Algebra 2/ Trigonometry and teacher recommendation strongly encouraged to help
ensure student success.
Statistics is a course designed to cover topics in relation to the collection and analyzing of data. This course will cover
topics that are normally covered in the college level statistics course and will thoroughly prepare students for the level of
mathematics that is required in the majority of college majors. The course begins with an emphasis on the collection and
organization of data through the construction of graphs and histograms. The conclusion of the course will cover topics in
probability as it relates to how the data is distributed.
Curriculum Handbook 21
MUSIC DEPARTMENT
High School Band
Grades: 9-12 Exam: midterm, final exam
Prerequisite: 7th & 8th grade band (or equivalent playing ability)
High school band is open to students who have played in 7th and 8th grade band and/or have demonstrated a playing
ability on an intermediate or higher level. Students are required to participate in all concerts and parades to receive credit
for band. This is an all year every other day course and students will earn ½ credit.
High School Chorus
Grades: 9-12 Exam: midterm and final exam
Prerequisite: None
High school chorus is open to all students who enjoy singing and wish to improve their musical skills. Students are
required to participate in all concerts to receive credit for choir. This is an all year every other day course and students
will earn ½ credit.
Music Theory
Grades: 9-12 Exam: midterm and final exam
Prerequisite: Recommended that students have some musical knowledge and/or participate in a music ensemble.
This course is designed to enhance music fundamentals and musical understanding with attention to melody,
harmony, rhythm, and form. Students will study basic notation, scales, key signatures, intervals, chords, cadences,
non-chord tones, form, part writing and analysis of a score. Aural dictation and ear training are also integral parts of the
course. Individual creativity is nurtured through composition.
Curriculum Handbook 22
PHYSICAL EDUCATION & HEALTH SCIENCES
Advanced Fitness and Conditioning
Grades: 11 – 12 Exam: final exam
Prerequisite: Health
This course is a one semester elective that provides students with an overview of fitness and training concepts and principles
that are necessary for long term physical health and physical performance. This course will emphasize an understanding of
total body health and wellness through fitness and proper nutrition, a basic understanding of the muscle systems and
kinesiology, and aims to teach individuals how to lead a healthy and happy life. This course will consist of the following:
class discussions on and execution of a variety of fitness/exercise concepts, learning basic nutrition, stress relief techniques,
and weight management education. Students will be equipped with the capacity of intelligently evaluate all available sources
of fitness and nutritional information, and make informed health and wellness decisions.
Health (required)
Grades: 10-12 Exam: final exam
This course is a skills-based curriculum based on the New York State guidelines. Students will focus on the six essential
skills of communication: decision-making; planning and goal setting; stress-management; self-management; advocacy,
and relationship management. These skills will be mastered using functional knowledge of drug awareness, human
sexuality, personal health and fitness, and violence prevention. This is a half year course and students will earn ½
credit. Students must successfully complete this course in order to earn their high school diploma.
Physical Education (required every year)
Grades: 9-12 Exam: NYS Physical Fitness Test and Skills and Written
Tests
Two units of this course are required in order for student to earn their diploma.
This course is designed to provide students with the basic background and skills necessary to compete and enjoy team
sports and other physical lifetime activities; to aid in the development of physical fitness; to develop an appreciation of the
benefits of physical activities; and to make a contribution to the development of a healthy lifestyle. The course
requirements necessitate that students wear appropriate attire, work to their ability, and be cooperative in class. This is an
all year every other day course and students will earn ½ credit.
Curriculum Handbook 23
Independent Physical Education
Grades: 11-12
This course is an option ONLY for students who cannot fit a high school Physical Education class into their daily
schedule due to conflicts with other REQUIRED courses. Students with long-term medical issues preventing them from
participating in the regular Physical Education curriculum are also eligible for this course. Students enrolled in this course
will be required to document their outside activities weekly and are responsible for all written assignments required in the
Physical Education curriculum.
Sports & Medicine
Grades: 11 – 12 Exam: final exam
Prerequisite: Health
This course is designed for students who are interested in health/sport related careers. Students will explore various
careers through a number of guest speakers from local businesses and attend field trips to observe careers in action.
Students will also gain a basic understanding of prevention, evaluation, treatment, and rehabilitation of sports related
injuries, and gain a working knowledge of the human body as it relates to sport.
Curriculum Handbook 24
SCIENCE SEQUENCE OF STUDY
8
th Grade Course 1 credit / All year
Earth Science Honors
9
th Grade Courses 1 credit / All year ½ credit / half year
Earth Science Introduction to Agricultural Science I
Living Environment Introduction to Agricultural Science II
Science Topics
10
th Grade Courses 1 credit / All year 1/2 credit / half year
Astronomy Agricultural Issues
Chemistry / Honors * Animal Science
General Chemistry Equine Science
General Physics Floral Design
Living Environment Introduction to Agricultural I
Introduction to Agricultural II
Landscape Principles & Design
Small Animal Care + Management
Wildlife + Resource Management
Introduction to Agriculture Business
Food Systems
11
th Grade Courses 1 credit / All year 1/2 credit / half year
AP Biology * Agricultural Issues
AP Chemistry * Animal Science
Astronomy Equine Science
Chemistry / Honors * Floral Design
Current Issues in Biology Introduction to Agricultural I
Forensics Introduction to Agricultural II
General Chemistry Landscape Principles & Design
General Physics Small Animal Care + Management
Physics Wildlife + Resource Management
Pre Veterinary Science Introduction to Agriculture Business
Food Systems
12
th Grade Courses 1 credit / All year 1/2 credit / half year
AP Biology * Agricultural Issues
AP Chemistry * Animal Science
Astronomy Equine Science
Chemistry Floral Design
Current Issues in Biology Introduction to Agricultural I
Forensics Introduction to Agricultural II
General Chemistry Landscape Principles & Design
General Physics Small Animal Care + Management
Physics Wildlife + Resource Management
Pre Veterinary Science Introduction to Agriculture Business
Food Systems
* Prerequisites listed in the course descriptions. Some of the of Agricultural Science courses may be used for one of the required
credits of science.
Students must complete three credits of science courses, which include one each from the living and physical
sciences in order to earn their high school diploma.
Curriculum Handbook 25
Advanced Placement (AP) Biology (Life Science)
Grades: 11-12 Exam: Benchmarks, final exam, AP exam (May)
Prerequisite: Final average of 85 in Living Environment, successful completion of Chemistry and a passing grade on the
Chemistry Regents exam and teacher recommendation strongly encouraged to help ensure student success.
College Credit: Course has a fee for the AP exam. Students may earn college credit based on the AP exam grade and
individual college policies for earning college credits.
AP Biology is designed to be the equivalent of a two-semester college introductory biology course usually taken by
biology majors during their first year. Students will focus on the conceptual framework, knowledge, and analytical
skills necessary to deal with the changing science of biology. Students who choose to take an AP science course
will be expected to complete a significant amount of work independently the summer preceding the course. Independent
additional study time of a minimum of 5-7 hours per week will be expected throughout the course.
Advanced Placement (AP) Chemistry (Physical Science)
Grades: 11 -12 Exam: Unit tests, midterm, AP exam in (May)
Prerequisite: Final average of 85 in Chemistry/Honors, grade of 85 on the Chemistry Regents, currently enrolled in
Pre-Calculus and teacher recommendation strongly encouraged to help ensure student success.
College Credit: Course has a fee for the AP exam. Students may earn college credit based on the AP exam grade and
individual college policies for earning college credits.
Students may earn college credit based on course grade and SUNY requirements and policy. College credit has a fee
schedule set by SUNY.
AP Chemistry is a first year college level course. Students will continue learning the fundamentals of chemical principles
and theories. The course focuses on chemical calculations and the mathematical formulation of principles through
lectures and additional laboratory study. The course focuses on deeper understanding of topics learned in Regents
Chemistry. Lab work stresses student inquiry and design.
Agricultural Issues
Grades: 10-12 Exam: Benchmarks, final exam
This course will bring you beyond the basics and delve into the current events and issues surrounding
agriculture and food production. Topics such as GMO’s, animal welfare, product labeling, new technologies,
business choices, political issues and current events will be researched, discussed and shared; all with the goal of
developing informed citizens or the next generation of agricultural leadership.
Curriculum Handbook 26
Animal Science (Life Science)
Grades: 10-12 Exam: Benchmarks, final exam
College Credit: Students may earn college credit based on course grade and SUNY requirements and policy. College
credit has a fee schedule set by SUNY.
This course covers the basics of Animal Science. Units on the large animal industry, dairy science, poultry science,
equine science, aquaculture and the animal industry lead into the study of animal welfare, genetics, selection, reproduction
and behavior. Various activities are used to strengthen the concepts students learn, including examining the parts of a
poultry egg, parasite investigation, meat product evaluation and making soft cheese. Several guest speakers will work
with the class and there are numerous opportunities for field trips.
Astronomy (Physical Science)
Grades: 10-12 Exam: Benchmarks, final exam
Prerequisites: Algebra, Earth Science and Living Environment strongly encouraged to help ensure student success.
This course will cover the basic physics of Astronomy. The history of Astronomy from ancient Greece to the proposed
mission to Mars. Students will study stars, constellations, planets and comets in the night sky and get practical knowledge
our universe. Out of class Astronomy learning experiences are encouraged.
Chemistry (Physical Science)
Grades: 10-12 Exam: Quarter tests, midterm, final exam, Chemistry Regents exam (June)
Prerequisite: Earth Science Regents exam grade of 70 or higher; Living Environment Regents exam grade of 75 or
higher; Algebra Regents exam grade of 65 or higher and currently enrolled in either Geometry or Algebra II are strongly
encouraged to help ensure student success.
This course of study presents a modern view of chemistry suitable for college bound students with a wide range of skills
and abilities. The course emphasizes chemical principles such as atomic structure, bonding, chemical kinetics, redox;
organic chemistry and nuclear chemistry. The laboratory section of this course is an important hands-on application
of material covered in class and required for the Regents exam.
Chemistry Honors (Physical Science)
Grades: 10 -11 Exam: Quarter tests, midterm, final exam, Chemistry Regents exam (June)
Prerequisite: Final average of 85 in Earth Science and an 85 on the Regents exam and a final average of 85 in Living
Environment and an 85 on the Regents exam are strongly encouraged to help ensure student success.
This course of study presents a modern view of chemistry suitable for college bound students with a wide range of skills
and abilities. The course emphasizes chemical principles such as atomic structure; bonding; chemical kinetics; redox;
organic chemistry and nuclear chemistry. There will also be some advanced chemistry concepts covered in an AP
Chemistry or freshmen college chemistry class. The laboratory section of this course is an important hands-on
application of material covered in class and required for the Regents exam
Curriculum Handbook 27
Current Issues in Biology (Life Science)
Grades: 10-12 Exam: Benchmarks, final exam
Prerequisite: Completion of Living Environment
This course will investigate the latest scientific findings. Students will discuss the impact these discoveries will
have on society and the advancement of science. The course will involve debate and discussion of the moral
and ethical implications of the scientific research. Students will analyze the advantages and disadvantages of
the findings from this research. Court rulings involving scientific research, policies, and procedures will also be
investigated.
Earth Science (Physical Science)
Grades: 8-9 Exam: Benchmarks, final exam and Earth Science Regents
(June)
Prerequisite: 8
th grade Physical Science or final average of 90 in 7
th grade Science and teacher recommendation are
strongly encouraged to help ensure student success in this class.
This course will focus on the study of Earth and space. The primary emphasis of study will require students to
use basic scientific concepts and principles to learn about processes that occur on the Earth as well as in space.
Students will study the main topics: mapping, composition of the Earth, surface processes on the Earth,
atmosphere and oceans, plate tectonics, geologic time, environmental resources and the basic study of space.
The laboratory section of this course is an important hands-on application of material covered in class
and required for the Regents exam
Equine Science (Life Science)
Grades: 10-12 Exam: Benchmarks, final exam
This course is designed to provide students with a basic knowledge of equine anatomy, care, housing and the
equine industry. This course will not require students to participate in hands-on activities with horses; however,
students will take field trips to various locations involved with the equine industry where they may have contact
with horses. Topics that will be covered include safely working with horses, nutrition, equine genetics,
grooming and general care.
Floral Design
Grades: 10-12 Exam: Benchmarks, final exam
Explore the floriculture industry from the basic design principles to marketing and management of your own business.
The use of color, shape and texture will be incorporated into designing several arrangements. Topics will include the care
and storage of flowers, the identification of commonly used flowers in the floral industry, floral shop management and
operation, merchandise displaying and developing floral arrangements for special occasions. This is a “hands-on” course
where students will gain experience in designing with fresh, silk and dried flowers.
Curriculum Handbook 28
Forensic Science (Physical Science)
Grades: 11-12 Exam: Benchmarks, final exam
Prerequisite: Final grade of 85 on the Living Environment Regents and successful completion of Regents Chemistry
strongly encouraged to help ensure student success.
Forensic science is an exciting field that applies many branches of science and social science to eliminate what is irrelevant,
and to correctly interpret what is relevant to criminal investigations. This course will develop the students’
problem-solving skills by using the tools and techniques of the modern forensic scientist on various mock crime scenes in
the classroom. Students will be challenged with topics such as fingerprinting, DNA analysis, blood typing and spattering,
trajectories, ballistics, comparative anatomy, chemical analysis of poisons, and microscopic analysis of trace evidence
General Chemistry (Physical Science)
Grades: 10-11 Exam: Benchmarks, final exam
This course will enhance science literacy by emphasizing chemistry’s impact on society using lab work to guide
the study of the many topics covered. Students will be exposed to the important role that chemistry will play in
their personal and professional lives; use chemistry knowledge to think through and to make informed decisions
about issues involving science and technology; and develop a lifelong awareness of both the potential and the
limitations of society and technology.
General Physics (Physical Science)
Grades: 10-12 Exam: Benchmarks, final exam
Prerequisite: Completion of a Regents science course and Algebra strongly encouraged to help ensure student success.
This is an applied physics course for those who plan on a career as technicians or who just want to keep pace
with advances in technology. The focus will be on force, work, rate, resistance, energy and power. Each unit
uses a systems concept to explain its application to mechanical, fluid, electrical and thermal systems. Students
will acquire a firm foundation for understanding the technology that surrounds them today, and some insights
into future technological expectations. Students will be able to practically apply the math skills studied in other
courses.
Introduction to Agriculture I (Physical Science)
Grades: 9-12 Exam: Benchmarks, final exam
Get started on a journey into the wide ranging field of Agriculture! Agricultural foods, animals, plants, conservation and
wildlife management along with agricultural careers and job opportunities will be studied. In general, the concept of
“Where does my food come from?” and how is it produced, processed and marketed will be investigated.
Curriculum Handbook 29
Introduction to Agriculture II (Physical Science)
Grades: 9-12 Exam: Benchmarks, final exam
This course is a follow up to Introduction to Agriculture I and will take many topics to a deeper level. Concepts of
sustainability, conservation and wildlife management will be investigated more in depth. Field landscape layouts and
management practices will be studied; as well as agricultural building design focused on production and efficiency. Basic
governmental guidelines for agriculture business and sources of money and loans are discussed.
Landscape Principles & Design
Grades: 10-12 Exam: Benchmarks, final exam
This course will cover the basic principles of landscape design, layout and the drafting of a landscaping project area. Key
topics include: plant anatomy and physiology, plant propagation, plant identification, the aesthetic uses of plants in the
landscape, landscape business operation, equipment use and maintenance. Students will have the opportunity to
participate in the installation, construction and maintenance of outdoor projects as well as propagate plants in the
greenhouse. The culmination of the course will be a landscape project designed by the student.
Living Environment (Life Science)
Grades: 9-10 Exam: Benchmarks, final exam, Living Environment Regents exam (June)
Prerequisite: Earth Science
This course focuses on the study of living things. Students will study key ideas and major understandings in the New
York State Living Environment core curriculum. Topics that will be explored include: scientific inquiry and skills,
laboratory skills, unity and diversity among living things, homeostasis in organisms, genetic continuity, reproduction and
development, evolution, ecology, human impact on ecosystems, and the human body. The laboratory section of this
course is an important hands-on application of material covered in class and required for the Regents exam.
Physics (Physical Science)
Grades: 11-12 Exam: Benchmarks, final exam, Physics Regents (June)
Prerequisite: Passed Regents exam in Chemistry, passed Regents exam in Algebra II strongly encouraged to help ensure
student success.
This course of study gives the college bound student a basic understanding of some of the principle rules of physics. It
covers five major topic areas: mechanics; energy; waves; electricity; and nuclear physics. This course is specifically
designed to give the student general background information necessary to go on in careers in science, math, and/or
engineering. The laboratory section of this course is an important hands-on application of material covered in class
and required for the Regents exam.
Curriculum Handbook 30
Pre Veterinary Science (Life Science)
Grades: 11-12 Exam: Benchmarks, final exam
Prerequisite: Living Environment or permission of instructor
This course serves as an introduction to Veterinary Sciences. Students will become familiar with the various aspects of
veterinary medicine such as anatomy, clinic practice, disease, and health records. Students will learn skills that will
enable them to be employed as a Veterinary Assistant or go on to technician or veterinary school. They will learn
anatomy and physiology of common animals as well as diseases and parasites of those animals. Veterinary terminology
and basic veterinary office procedures are covered. Successful course completion results in either agriculture or science
credit.
Small Animal Care + Management (Life Science)
Grades: 10-12 Exam: Benchmarks, final exam
Prerequisite: Animal Science I
College Credit: Students may earn college credit based on course grade and SUNY requirements and policy. College
credit has a fee schedule set by SUNY.
This course covers the basics of the small domestic animal industry. Students will become familiar with the different
breeds of small animals, including exotic animals. They will learn proper care of these animals including nutrition and
feeding, handling, common diseases, and grooming. Students will gain hands-on experience in caring for small animals.
Several guest speakers will work with the class and there are numerous opportunities for field trip experiences.
Science Topics (Life / Physical Science)
Grades: 9 Exam: Benchmarks, final exam
This is a course for students struggling to comprehend science concepts in their middle school science courses.
Students will be selected by a committee of science teachers to participate in the course. The course will focus
on earth, life, and physical science topics relevant to everyday life. Students will investigate science concepts at a slower
pace to promote deeper comprehension of material. Science Topics is designed to build skills that will ensure success in
future courses and boost confidence in students’ science capabilities.
Wildlife & Natural Resource Management
Grades: 10-12 Exam: Benchmarks, final exam
This course covers the basics in conservation and natural resource management. Topics will include: the history of
wildlife management in the US, conservation and natural resources, administration of wildlife management, human impact
on wildlife, US sport hunting and tracking, wildlife identification, tree identification, wildlife rehabilitation and wilderness
survival and navigation. Careers in wildlife and natural resource management will also be covered throughout the course.
Several guest speakers will work with the class and there are numerous opportunities for field trips.
Curriculum Handbook 31
Introduction to Agriculture Business
Grades: 10-12 Exam: Benchmarks, final exam
College Credit: Students may earn college credit based on course grade and SUNY requirements and policy. College
credit has a fee schedule set by SUNY.
Students enrolled in this course will be introduced to the local and global agriculture industry (including food, fiber and
natural resources) as it relates to business principles. The purpose of this course is to prepare students for their
post-secondary life experiences; including job acquisition skills, employability skills and financial literacy. NYS Career
Development and Occupational Studies Standards will be addressed/met. There may be several guest speakers throughout
this course and students will have the opportunity to attend field trips.
Food Systems
Grades: 10-12 Exam: Benchmarks, final exam
College Credit: Students may earn college credit based on course grade and SUNY requirements and policy. College
credit has a fee schedule set by SUNY.
Students enrolled in this course will learn about the United States and global food system including: the social and
economic impacts, production, environmental and political implications. This is a project-based course where students
will solve problems and conduct science experiments as they related to the agriculture (food system) industry. There may
be several guest speakers throughout this course and students will have the opportunity to attend field trips.
Curriculum Handbook 32
SOCIAL STUDIES SEQUENCE OF STUDY
9
th Grade Courses 1 credit / All year
Global History I
Global History I Honors *
10
th Grade Courses 1 credit / All year 1/2 credit / half year ***
AP World History * American History Through Film
Global History II Local History
Psychology
Sociology
Sports in American History
11
th Grade Courses 1 credit / All year 1/2 credit / half year ***
AP US History & Govt. * American History Through Film
AP Psychology History of Agriculture
US History & Govt. History of the 1960s
Local History
Psychology
Sociology
Sports in American History
12
th Grade Courses 1 credit / All year 1/2 credit / half year ***
AP Government American History Through Film
AP Psychology History of Agriculture
Participation in Govt./ History of the 1960s
Economics Local History
Psychology
Sociology
Sports in American History
* Prerequisites listed in the course descriptions.
Students must complete four credits of required Social Studies courses in order to earn their diploma.
Curriculum Handbook 33
Advanced Placement (AP) Psychology
Grades: 12 Exam: midterm , final exam and an AP exam (May)
Prerequisite: Final grade of 85 in either Global History & Geography or United States and History and teacher
recommendation strongly encouraged to ensure student success.
College Credit: Course has a fee for the AP exam. Students may earn college credit based on the AP exam grade and
individual college policies for earning college credits. Course has a fee for the college credit, which may transfer to other
colleges based on individual college policies for transfer of credit.
Teacher/Department Chair/ Principal approval to be excused from the AP exam.
This course is designed to study the mind and mental process of humans and other organisms scientifically.
Psychological terminology, concepts and theories in the various subfields of psychology will be examined.
Advanced Placement (AP) World History (required or Global History II)
Grades: 10 Exam: midterm, final exam, AP exam(May) Regents(June
Prerequisite: Final average of 85 in Global History and Geography and English 9 and teacher recommendation
strongly encouraged to help ensure success student.
This course will cover the time period 1200 C.E. to the modern day. The six themes studied are the impact of societal
interaction, change and continuity across world history periods, technology, social and gender structures, cultural and
intellectual developments, and the function and structure of states. This is an intensive reading and writing course that
includes a required summer assignment.
Advanced Placement (AP) United States Government and Politics (required or Part in
Govt. / Economics)
Grade: 12 Exam: midterm, final exam , AP exam (May)
Prerequisite: Final grade of 85 on ELA, Global History and United States History and teacher recommendation strongly
encouraged to ensure student success in this class.
College Credit: Course has a fee for the AP exam. Students may earn college credit based on the AP exam grade and
individual college policies for earning college credits.
Students may earn college credit based on course grade and SUNY requirements and policy. College credit has a fee
schedule set by SUNY.
Teacher/Department Chair/ Principal approval to be excused from the AP exam.
This course is designed to promote intensive study of the governmental and political systems of the United States.
Curriculum Handbook 34
Advanced Placement (AP) United States History (baseline required or US History &
Govt.)
Grades: 11-12 Exam: midterm, final exam, AP exam (May), Regents exam (June)
Prerequisite: Grade of 85 on the Global History Regents exam strongly encouraged to ensure student success.
College Credit: Course has a fee for the AP exam. Students may earn college credit based on the AP exam grade and
individual college policies for earning college credits.
Teacher/Department Chair/ Principal approval to be excused from the AP exam.
Students may earn college credit based on course grade and SUNY requirements and policy. College credit has a fee
schedule set by SUNY.
Advanced Placement United States History is an in-depth course designed for the student with a special interest in
American History and other social science disciplines. The course will provide an in-depth examination of American
political institutions and behavior, public policy, social and economic change, diplomacy and international relations as
well as cultural and intellectual development in American history. This is an intensive reading and writing course that
includes a required summer assignment.
American History through Film
Grades: 10 – 12 Exam: Final exam
Prerequisite: Global History I
This course will present various films from different time periods in US History in the use of stimulating media awareness
and critical viewing skills for students. Historical films will be analyzed to determine their historical accuracy and
separate fact from fiction.
Economics (required with Part in Govt.)
Grades: 12 Exam: final exam
Prerequisite: U.S. History and Government
This course examines basic economic concepts: supply and demand, scarcity, productivity, inflation, profit, capital,
competition, and the stock market. The purpose of the course is to prepare the student for effective and intelligent
participation in the economy of the United States and the global economy.
Global History and Geography I (required or Honors)
Grades: 9 Exam: midterm, final exam
Global History I is the first course of a two-year program in Global History and Geography. It is an in-depth chronological
examination of the history of the world from the prehistoric period to the Age of Revolution. Global History examines the
history, geography, political, social and economic events that have shaped human history.
Curriculum Handbook 35
Global History and Geography I Honors (required or Global History I)
Grades: 9 Exam: midterm, final exam
Prerequisite: Final average of 85 in eighth grade social studies and teacher recommendation strongly encouraged to
ensure student success.
This course will prepare students for the AP World History class in tenth grade and is taught to the AP standards and
emphasizes analytical reading and writing skills. Topics studied will include the interaction of humans and the
environment; the development and interaction of cultures; state-building, expansion, and conflict; the creation and
interaction of economic systems; and the development and transformation of social structures. The course begins with the
origins of humanity and moves to the development of classical civilizations and belief systems, the rise and fall of
empires, interregional networks of trade, and demographic changes up to the year 1200 C.E. This is an intensive reading
and writing course that includes a required summer assignment.
Global History and Geography II (baseline required or AP World History)
Grades: 10 Exam: midterm, final exam, Global History Regents (June)
Prerequisite: Global History and Geography I
Global History II is a continuation of the Global History and Geography curriculum. It continues the examination of the
history, geography, political, social and economic events of human history from the Age of Revolutions to the present.
History of Agriculture
Grades: 11 – 12 Exam: Final exam or research paper
Prerequisite: US History & Government or AP US History and Government (concurrent enrollment)
Students will trace their way through the history of agriculture (starting with the Neolithic Revolution), with a focus on
growth of foodstuffs, cash crops, and animal husbandry for all purposes. The spread of various technologies and
methodologies over time and geography will be emphasized, as well as significant historical changes relating to, and
based on agricultural events.
History of the 1960s
Grades: 11 – 12 Exam: Final exam
This course will study the turbulent and sometimes troubling history of the US and the world in the 1960s.
Local History
Grades: 10 – 12 Exam: Final exam/project
The local history of Albany County and the surrounding Hilltowns is rich in Native American, Dutch, English and French
heritage. This course will explore life in upstate New York through the modern period and examine the economic, social
and political changes of the region.
Curriculum Handbook 36
Participation in Government (required with Economics)
Grades: 12 Exam: Final exam/project
Prerequisite: U.S. History and Government
This course emphasizes the interaction between citizens and government at all levels: local, state, and federal. Students are
encouraged to understand and participate in the democratic process, examine public policy issues, and learn how political
decisions are made. The purpose of the course is to prepare the student for responsible participation in the American
political system.
Psychology
Grades: 10-12 Exam: Final exam
This course will include an introduction to research methods, major schools of thought and the biological
basis of behavior. Students will learn about social and biological aspects of human behavior.
Sociology
Grades: 10-12 Exam: Final exam/project
Prerequisite: None
This course is a systematic introduction to the major sociological concepts for understanding the structure and dynamics
of contemporary society. Major topics include an introduction to social methods of inquiry, major schools of thought,
culture and social structure.
Sports in American History
Grades: 10 – 12 Exam: Final exam
This course will focus on history and explaining the processes by which sports and institutions have developed over the
centuries, especially in the context of major social developments such as industrialization, urbanization, and immigration.
United States History and Government (baseline required or AP US History)
Grades: 11-12 Exam: midterm, final exam, US Regents (June)
Prerequisite: Global History I and Geography II
U.S. History and Government is taught chronologically beginning with the colonial period and continuing until the
present. Major topics include: the U.S. Constitution, American geography, economics system, industrial development, the
rise of unions, immigrants and their contributions, and U.S. foreign policy.
Curriculum Handbook 37
TECHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT SEQUENCE OF STUDY
9
th Grade Courses ½ credit / Half year
Architectural Drawing *
Career and Financial Management
Computer Applications / High School
Design and Drawing for Production
Introduction to Programming
10
th
– 12
th Grade Courses ½ credit / Half year
Architectural Drawing *
Career and Financial Management
Computer Applications / High School
College Credit Computer Applications*
Computer Aided Design *
Construction Systems *
Design and Drawing for Production
Energy Systems *
Introduction to Programming
Production Systems *
Programming with Block and Code*
Transportations Systems *
Transportations Systems II*
Video Game Design
Web Page Design I
Web Page Design II *
1 credit / Full year
AP Computer Science Principles *
* Prerequisites listed in the course descriptions.
Curriculum Handbook 38
AP Computer Science Principles
Grades: 11-12 (10th grade with teacher permission) Exam: midterm, final exam, AP exam (May)
College Credit: Course has a fee for the AP exam. Students may earn college credit based on the AP exam grade and
individual college policies for earning college credits.
Teacher/Department Chair/ Principal approval to be excused from the AP exam.
Students may earn college credit based on course grade and SUNY requirements and policy. College credit has a fee
schedule set by SUNY.
AP® Computer Science Principles (CSP) introduces students to the foundational concepts of computer science and
challenges them to explore how computing and technology impact the world. Curriculum is built around fundamentals of
computing, including problem solving, working with data, understanding the internet, cybersecurity, and programming
With a unique focus on creative problem solving and real-world applications, AP CSP prepares students for college and
career. Computer Science: The New Literacy Whether for 3D animation, engineering, music, app development, medicine,
visual design, robotics, or political analysis, computer science experience is essential for today’s students and the
workforce they’ll enter.
Architectural Drawing
Grades: 9-12 Exam: Final exam
Prerequisite: Design & Drawing for Production
This course will encourage the solution of technical problems through the use of unconventional designs. Students will
use many methods to find solutions to problems throughout the course.
Career and Financial Management
Grades: 9 – 12 Exam: Final exam
This course is designed to prepare students with the skills necessary to make them competitive in the 21
st century job
market. This class is the required introductory course for Career and Technical Education programs and the introductory
course for the five-unit sequence in technology. Students will explore our economic system as a consumer, a worker, and
an entrepreneur; and explore careers through the employment phase, successful attainment of the job, and achieving job
satisfaction. Personal money management is surveyed through the examination of payroll checks, taxes, budgets,
investments, and savings. Word processing, spreadsheet, and powerpoint software is integrated throughout the curriculum.
Computer Aided Design (CAD)
Grades: 10-12 Exam: Final exam
Prerequisite: Design & Drawing for Production and Architectural Drawing strongly encouraged to ensure student
success.
This course provides an introduction to the various input and output devices and software that configure computer aided
design systems.
Curriculum Handbook 39
Computer Applications – High School
Grades: 9-12 Exam: Final exam
This course will have a large focus on the different Microsoft Office applications (Word, Excel, PowerPoint, and
ACCESS). Students will incorporate the tools and commands from these programs into a variety of projects. Basic
computer fundamentals such as the computer system, its components and their purpose and internet basics and
terminology will be covered. Students will create a Google drive for cloud storage, learn to use Google docs and use
“Blackboard” as an online learning component. Students will learn to improve their keyboarding technique to become
more proficient at keyboarding.
College Credit Computer Applications
Grades: 11-12 Exam: Final exam
Prerequisite: Basic knowledge of Microsoft Word, Excel and PowerPoint.
Fee required for college credit and a college textbook.
College Credit: Students may earn college credit based on course grade and SUNY requirements and policy. College
credit has a fee schedule set by SUNY.
This course provides a more in depth knowledge of the Microsoft Office Suite of software applications including Word,
Excel, PowerPoint, and ACCESS. Upon completion of this course, students will be prepared to test for the Microsoft
Certified Application Specialist (MCASO certification), and industry recognized certification. Students will be using
“Blackboard” as an online learning tool. Students have the opportunity to earn three actual college credits transferable to
any SUNY school at no cost for the transfer.
Construction Systems
Grades: 10-12 Exam: Final exam
Prerequisite: Design & Drawing for Production strongly encouraged to ensure student success.
This course will provide a basic overview of the different systems in construction. Units covered through this course
will include: construction tools, wood as a building material, structural systems, wall and roof framing, sheathing,
fasteners, roofing, and mechanicals.
Design & Drawing for Production
Grades: 9-12 Exam: Final exam
This course emphasizes creative problem solving, designing and technical drawing used to develop solutions
to various design or product problems. The proposed solutions are researched, sketched, refined, and rendered
as technical drawings. This course can be used for a ½ credit of the required art course.
Curriculum Handbook 40
Energy Systems
Grades: 10-12 Exam: Final exam
Prerequisite: Design & Drawing for Production
This is an introductory level course with a focus on energy and power technology. Emphasis will be on energy
conscious design and construction of various devices that can be used in collecting and converting different forms of
energy. Areas of energy studied will include: solar, wind, geothermal, mechanical, renewable and inexhaustible.
Introduction to Programming
Grades: 9-12 Exam: Final exam
In this course students will learn some of the basics of computer science and programming. Students will do a number of
hands-on group activities related to computer science. Students will learn the basics of “block” coding using “Scratch”
and other block coding programs to create a number of fun projects including animated art, dance videos, and a social
media pictogram. Students will have the opportunity to work with different robots to “program” them to complete
exercises based on availability. Students will also touch on some popular programing languages such as HTML and
PYTHON, and learn some of the basics needed for writing the programming code for these languages.
Programming with Block and Code
Grades: 11-12 Exam: Final exam
Prerequisite: Computer Applications
In this course students will learn some important concepts relating to computer science and programming. Students will
be using Scratch and block coding to learn the importance of algorithms in programming, and will use block coding to
create some fun projects such as a dance video, a cooperative video game, an extreme sports game, and an animation.
Students will learn the “programming code” for writing HTML/CSS creating their own web page, and will learn the
basics for the popular programming language Python, and time permitting JavaScript. Students may also have the
opportunity to spend some time programming different robots based on availability.
This is a great program for those who plan to continue their education in any type of computer related field such as
computer science, programming, web/game design, or if you are interested in acquiring basic programming skills needed
to be successful in today’s technical world.
Production Systems
Grades: 10-12 Exam: Final exam
Prerequisite: Design & Drawing for Production
This course studies the systems of manufacturing and construction: their resources, processes, products, and quality
assurance and their impact on society, the economy, the environment, and manufacturing.
Curriculum Handbook 41
Transportation Systems
Grades: 10-12 Exam: Final exam
Prerequisite: Design & Drawing for Production
This course is an overview of aerospace, land, and marine transportation systems with a focus on power mechanics,
hydraulics, aerodynamics and small engines.
Transportation Systems II
Grades: 11-12 Exam: Final exam
Prerequisite: Design & Drawing for Production and Transportation Systems
This course explores more advanced levels of land transportation systems from several perspectives. Students should have
prior experience with internal combustion engine components, processes and tools.
Video Game Design Foundations
Grades: 11 – 12 Exam: Final exam
Prerequisite: Design & Drawing for Production
This course will study the major aspects of game design including character and world development, game playing, game
genres, and theories and principles of game design. Students will gain hands-on experience in simple game development.
Concepts and practices will be explored to help students decide it they are interested in pursuing careers in game
programming.
Web Page Design I
Grades: 10-12 Exam: Final exam
Prerequisite: Design & Drawing for Production
This course will prepare students to create, critique, and maintain academic and commercial Web pages. The
course develops an understanding of HTML.
Web Page Design II
Grades: 11–12 Exam: Final exam
Prerequisite: Web Page Design I
This course will expose students to the entire construction process of web design from planning, to creating the site and
adding final touches using Adobe CS5 (Illustrator, Photoshop, Fireworks, Flash and Dreamweaver). Students will create a
storyboard or blueprint for a website. Students will learn about website navigation, style sheets, graphic creation, digital
image optimization, security and server hosting. Students will work in teams with specific tasks assigned to individual
team members through the website creation and management.
Curriculum Handbook 42
COLLEGE CREDIT OPPORTUNITIES
AP Courses
Students may earn college credit after successful
completion of the course and appropriate grade on the AP
exam depending on the individual college requirements.
● AP Art History
● AP Calculus
● AP Chemistry
● AP Biology
● AP Government & Politics
● AP Literature & Composition
● AP Psychology
● AP US History & Government
● AP World History
Students in their senior year are also given the opportunity
to take courses at local colleges and have the credits also
count for their graduation requirements. The colleges will
have certain requirements for admission and an
application needs to be submitted. Students will need
approval from their parents, the principal and the guidance
counselor.
● Hudson Valley Community College
● Sage College of Albany
● Schenectady County Community College
● SUNY Cobleskill
● University at Albany
University in the
High School Program
*Students are required to pay a fee to the college in order
to receive these college credits.
University at Albany
● AP Calculus
Hudson Valley Community College
● Spanish IV
Schenectady County Community College
● AP Art History
● AP Government & Politics
● AP Psychology
● Computer Applications
SUNY Cobleskill
● AP Chemistry
● AP US History
● English 12
● Introduction to Agricultural Business
● Pre Calculus
● Small Animal Care + Management
Curriculum Handbook 43
CAREER & TECHNICAL PROGRAMS
Technical Education is one of several choices of study available to high school students. The major
emphasis is on learning skills that will prepare students for success in today’s highly technical world.
Students interested in attending a career and technical program starting in their junior year, need to
meet the following criteria:
● a cumulative grade point average of at least 75 for ninth and tenth grade;
● a minimum of 12 units by the end of tenth grade to be academically on track to graduate with
their cohort;
● an attendance record better than 90 percent each quarter for ninth and tenth grade;
● excessive disciplinary referrals as reviewed by the administration.
Albany Campus
Auto Body Refinishing/ Collision
Automotive Maintenance / Light Repair
Automotive Services/Small Engine Repair
Automotive Tech Prep
AYES Automotive Technician
Botanical Services
Building Trades
Carpentry Services
Computer & Network Technician
Diesel Tech
Electrical Trades
Food Services
Global Fashion Studies
HVAC
Internet Application Design
Office Operations
Nurse Assistant
Patient Care Services
Pet Tech
Retail & Office Services
Vocational Training & Transition
Welding & Metal Fabrication
Mohonasen Campus
Engineering Technology
Game Design and Implementation
Manufacturing and Machining Technology
Theatre and Film Production Technology
Sterile Processing
Welding & Metal Fabrication
Schoharie Campus
Automotive Trades Technology
Building & Grounds Maintenance
Construction: Commercial / Residential
Criminal Justice
Cosmetology
Culinary Arts & Hospitality Technology
Capital Region Career & Tech. School
The New Visions Honors programs are offered
through the Capital Region Career & Technical
School during the senior year. The application
process begins in March of the junior year.
Health Careers
Law & Government
Curriculum Handbook 44